Bangladesh and the Millennium Development Goals
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are eight international development goals established following the Millennium Summit of the United Nations in 2000 and the subsequent adoption of the United Nations Millennium Declaration. All 189 United Nations member states at the time (there are 193 currently), and at least 23 international organizations, committed to help achieve the following Millennium Development Goals by 2015:
- To eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
- To achieve universal primary education
- To promote gender equality and empower women
- To reduce child mortality
- To improve maternal health
- To combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases
- To ensure environmental sustainability
- To develop a global partnership for development
Since the enforcement of the MDGs, Bangladesh has proven to be one of the best performing LDCs in MDG performance due in part to the incorporation of the development agenda in Government planning and strategy documents, resourcing and technical assistance by development partners to support national efforts, and a strong local NGO community. Key achievements in MDG attainment have primarily been in some of the targets of MDG1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger; MDG2: Achieve universal primary education; MDG 4: Reduce child mortality; MDG5: Improve maternal health; and MDG6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases.
While Bangladesh has performed well overall, challenges include weak nutritional indicators, gender empowerment, access to reproductive health and antenatal care coverage, education completion, and the environment. The MDGs were useful in Bangladesh to bridge social gaps, and continuing to do this is important, but there are also considerations of the quality of services and equality of distribution as Bangladesh continues its growth trajectory. As the MDGs enter its final year, the world has already begun preparations to design the next development framework.
The Eight Goals